The skills of observation and perception are closely related. In colloquial language, both terms: observationand perceptionare often interchangeably used. However, in practice, these concepts differ slightly from each other. The key to understanding them is the concept of reflection, which can be understood in two ways (Wielki słownik…, 2018):

  1. observation – a remark formulated on the basis of observed facts,
  2. perception – reception of phenomena, impressions or information as a result of external stimuli on the senses.

Observation can be understood, among others, as an activityor its effect. In the first case it means looking at something/someone for a specific reason (Wielki słownik…, 2018); or an act or instance of observing a custom, rule, or law (Merriam-Webster Dictionary…, 2018). In the second case – effect of an activity, it will imply a reflection being the result of observation (Wielki słownik…, 2018). Briefly speaking: observation is a core activity leading to the formulation of a reckoning, result or conclusion. Everything that is accomplished on the way, requires a set of thought processes – the co-called perception.

Perception is therefore, the first step in information processing, where information is received by the sensory nervous system. Thanks to the phenomenon of the human mind, information is present in the human perceptorium, can be noticed and described by it (Spostrzeganie…, 2018).