The importance of attention in the observation and perception process - human needs and personality traits
And what about human needs? Can they influence what and how we perceive? Of course they can. One of the rational recommendations regarding personal finance management is that you do not go shopping if you are hungry. Why? Because there is a strong likelihood of buying more food than necessary. This results from the fact that a hungry person will pay more attention to food, possessing a sharp sense of smell. Does this situation concern higher needs? It turns out that yes. If a person especially likes music, they will pay attention to it wherever they are, e.g. by differentiating it from other sounds or noises. Those who love books may be able to focus only on them when entering a bookstore or library, neglecting other stimuli.
Situations in which we will be reacting differently to various stimuli also relate to personality traitsand also apply to situations in which the impressions will have to be reconstructed by the brain. For example, some people, the so-called black and white personality (and in extreme cases borderline personality), will not have the ability to see the ambiguity in complex situations or phenomena.
Personality traits also condition prejudice. For some, a different skin colour will not be a reason to perceive this person differently (inferior), and for others it will.
When analysing your observation and perception skills, it is worth considering different factors that may affect their level.